China and Kuwait
 

China and Kuwait established diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level on March 22, 1971. The friendly cooperative relations between the two countries in the fields of politics, economy, culture, and military have ever since gained a steady development

I. Political Relations

The relations between China and Kuwait have been developing smoothly since the establishment of diplomatic relations. Both countries share identical or similar views on many major international and regional issues, constantly rendering sympathy and support to each other. During the Gulf Crisis in 1990, China resolutely opposed Iraq's invasion and occupation of Kuwait and demanded that Iraq should withdraw its troops from Kuwait and restore and respect the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Kuwait. After the Gulf War, China has reiterated on many occasions its firm support for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Kuwait as well as Kuwait's just demand for settling the issues left over from the Gulf War.

II. Exchange of major visits between China and Kuwait

China: President Yang Shangkun (1989), Foreign Minister Qian Qichen (1990), Premier Li Peng (1991), Vice Premier Li Lanqing (1993), Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) Wang Bingqian (1993), Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the NPC Wu Jieping (1995), State Councillor Luo Gan (1995), Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of National People's Congress Tomur Dawamat (2000), Vice Premier Wu Bangguo (2000), Foreign Minister Tan Jiaxuan (2000), Minister of the International Liaison Department of the CPC Central Committee Dai Bingguo (2001, 2002), State Councilor Simayi Aimat (2003), Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing(2006),Minister of international Department of Central committee CPC Dai Bingguo (2001年、2002年)、Vice Premier Li Keqiang(2008年).

Kuwait: Kuwait Emir Jaber (1965, 1990 and 1991), Crown Prince and Prime Minister Saad (1995), Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sabah (1977,1988 and twice in 1990), Speaker of Parliament Al-Sadoun (1993), Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Ahmed Salem (1999), Deputy Speaker Meshari Al-Anjari (2001), Minister of Information Ahmad Al-Fahed Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah (2001), Governor Ali Al-Jaber Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah (2001), Minister of Finance and Planning Shibullashi (2002), Minister of Telecommunication Abdullah (2002), Chief of the General Staff Muming (2002),Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Mubarak(2003), Prime Minister Sabah (2004), Minister of Finance Nurri (2004), Minister of Energy Fahed(2005), Vice Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Mohammed(2006)and Emir Al-Sabah(2009).

III. Economic and trade Cooperation and Trade Relations

China and Kuwait began direct civil trade as early as in 1955. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries, bilateral economic and trade exchanges have become more frequent, and bilateral trade volume has been on the increase. The trade volume between China and Kuwait in 2008 was US$6.78 billion, of which the Chinese export was US$1.74 billion, and import US$5.04 billion. Kuwait has been the largest supplier of preferential official loans to China among Arab countries. From 1982 till now, the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development had provided China with US$ 810 million of loans on favorable terms. In 1998, the Kuwaiti Government donated a total of US$3 million of cash to the Chinese Government when China suffered from serious floods.

Economic and trade agreements signed between the Chinese and Kuwaiti governments are as follows: Agreement on Trade (1980), Agreement on Promotion and Protection of Investment (1985), Agreement on Establishing Joint Economic and Trade Committee (1986), Agreement on Avoiding Double Taxation (1989) and Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation (1989).

IV. Exchanges and Cooperation in other fields

China and Kuwait have carried out friendly contacts in fields of culture, education, sports and religion, with very frequent exchange of visits. China has dispatched many sports coaches to Kuwait and sent students to the Arab country annually. China and Kuwait have signed Agreement on Cultural Cooperation (1982), Agreement on Civil Aviation Transportation (1980) and Agreement on Sports Cooperation (1992).

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